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Deutmecke Photos

The first known humans in the area were in the pre-Roman ice age about 800 B.C. as documented by artifacts found in the Deutmecker cave although this community was very weak and probably not long in duration. Deutmecke was first mentioned in 1279 in the 12th release of the noble family Rump, then again in a 1330 birth register of the St. Mary's Charities of Cologne-Deyfenbach.  The charity was financed primarily by Tilman Crasse von Affeln.  The village of that time consisted of 8 farms, which by the 18th century were divided into two groups: Full-yoke farms and half-yoke farms. Henrichs and Steckebrock were in charge of the full-yoke farms.  Kraushaar, Hachen, Heimes and Gehren were in charge of the half-yoke farms. (Yoke=1.44 acres)
                History of Henrichs and Kraushaar Farms-Summary
(For a more detailed account in English go to "Records-English" on the Navigation bar to your left)
Henrichs - Henrich's property existed until 1550 and was then transfered in name to Johan v. Schnellenberg of Schoenholthausen.  In 1563 the name Henrichs was changed to Johan of Deutmecke.  It is this Henrichs that is associated with the property that goes back to 1330, not necessarily the Henrichs-Korte family listed below.  In 1589 v. Schnellenberg rented out the farm in Deutmecke for 8 years to Ernst, Hindrich Johann's son, and his wife,Sophia.  The rent consisted of (a long list of farm related things and livestock).  In 1617 and again in 1621 the name Johann Henrichs is added to the contract.  The financial register of 1633 introduces the name Johann Korte (probably the same one who married Ursula Richardes in 1929(see my male line on the genealogy page), which is the first time he (or a Korte) is officially seen on Henrichs' farm documents.  There after these names appear as residents of the farm:
1649-Johann Korte;Bernhard & wife Gretha and son Johann.
1664-Bernt (Bernhard??) Korte (& wife Margaretha Kampman)
1685-Peter Korte,his wife Clara (Steckebrock) and son, Johan Englebert (trace all these names in my male-line on the genealogy page)  They also used the last name of Henrichs.
Peter Korte appears in 1686,1689, and 1695 documents as Peter Henrichs.  It is officially recorded on December 30th,1717 that Peter Korte and his wife Klara acknowledge that the pastor in Schoenholthausen gave them 24 Taler (Dollar) in Memorial after the deaths of Peter Spielmann and Tonnes Alckman.
Peter Korte's son, Johan Engelbert Korte then later married Katherine Boge from Duenschede in 1712 and had six children but he died on 27 Aug 1927 and she then later married Anton Spielmann from Borbecke in 1729 and had three more.  The family estate however stayed with Johann Englebert Henrichs-Korte's decendants (including Johan Jodokus Henrichs-Korte who later took the Kraushaar name upon marriage) and they maintained posession of the farm which in 1806 was valued at 405 Reichstaler (Dollars) (Note: Johan Jodokus Henrichs Korte, as stated above, took the last name  Kraushaar when he married Maria Elizibeth Kraushaar, and SOME family members immigrated to the Banat, Hungary in the late 1700's, while other family members stayed in Deutmecke. One who stayed was a son of Johan Jodokus Korte-Kraushaar and his name was Christoph Korte B:26 Aug 1753 D:31 OCT 1831 who apparently did not use the Kraushaar name as those who went to the Banat did).  Franz Anton Korte liquidated the property in 1875, donating an annual sum of 2,771 Marks and 58 Pennies, with a tax of 110 Marks and 86 Pennies that helped support the All Holy Vicary, church,pastorate and church school in Attnedorn.
Kraushaar & Rinke - The Kraushaar and Rinke farm was really one and the same.  The property originally consisted of 2 neighboring farms.  Jacob Kraushaar sublet one from Schnellenberg and one from the All-Holy Church in Attendorn.  As a result the pastor of the church held property was able to rename it the Rinke Farm in 1786 (This would have been about the time Johan Jodokus Henrichs-Korte Kraushaar left with some family members for the Banat).  Johannes Kraushaar was legally forced to give up portions of the farm because of debt.  The Rinke farm was then leased to Mathias Poeggler in 1788.
Apparently the Kraushaar properties had been in the family since at least 1524, when Heinemann Cruishair owned about 12 hectars of land.  In 1535 however the properties name was changed to Heinemann Rinke. On January 18th 1540 a portion of this Rinke property was leased to Schnellenberg by Johann Loer, the Vice Curator of the church in Schoenholthausen.  in 1543 and again in 1550 Jacob Kraushaar was named (as a witness?), then on January 20th 1557 Heinemann Rinke is on the list as a witness.  In the 1563 financial register Jacob's name is changed to Heinemann Kraushaar and Schnellenberg leases his own property for eight years to this same Heinemann Kraushaar and his wife Judith.  Heinemann Kraushaar's sister Grete married Jacob Sommerhoff from Ostentrop in 1561 (or possibly 1567). In 1617 Richard Kraushaar appears for the first time.
On April 17th, 1629 Schnellenburg transfers the lease to Johann Stael v. Holstein because Richard Kraushaar owed him 400 Reichstaler.  Richard was forced to vacate the farm.  The last renter was Engelbert Kraushaar and his wife Grethe in 1649. Thereafter it's registered as the property of Johan Adam von Bruch and his wife Hermanna Margarethe Stael v. Holstein.  But then Hermanna Margarethe's father in law bought the loan on the Kraushaar farm in 1670 and he then rented it to Hans Kraushaar.  After that in 1685 Johann Kraushaar and his wife Lisa (probably AKA Elisibeth??, then they would be Anton's parents) took posession of the farm and after that there were various attempts by different people to buy the farm, most notably Berhard v. Schnellenberg in 1743, but that apparently NEVER happened and the Kraushaar's remained in possession of the farm for years into the future.  The next in line to take possession then was Johan's son Anton. (Note: a record in 1717 listed the farm residents as Anton Kraushaar & his wife Elisabeth, his sisters Clara and Maria as well as his brothers Johan and Engelbert.  It would have been about this time between 1716-1732 that Anton's six daughters were born).
According to the text "Aus dem Rechnungsuch der St Agatha Kapelle Deutmecke 1715-1834" which translates into "The financial records of St Agatha Church-Deutmecke 1715-1834" paragraph 5 page 231: Johan Casper Steckbrock, the son of Anna Maria Schulte-Avermann and Johan Steckbrock Jr. married Anna Maria Kraushaar ( Anton's third oldest daughter)and left the farm to their daughter, Maria Catherina Steckebrock, who married Johann Franz Wichtmann in 1774.  The descendants of this union (Kraushaar) Steckebrock-Wichtmann, still own the property in Deutmecke today.  (Although it's not explained in the text in 1875 an Anton Wichtman-Kraushaar donated (sold) a large portion of the farm to the Choir chapter in Attendorn for the sum of 398 Marks and 50 pennies.)
Here is information and an English translation of the debt court document on when and why the Kraushaar farm was reduced in size and some family members went to the Banat:

This is an excerpt from pages 73-77:

Pfarrarchiv S c h ö n h o l t h a u s e n


Angelegt von

Dr. jur. Alfred Cohausz


(The Schoenholthausen Parish Archives)


This legal and church involved proceeding could have something to do with some Deutmecke Kraushaar’s leaving Germany and moving to the Banat in Hungary to homestead, as this document appears there was some turmoil surrounding the Kraushaar farm and the sub-dividing of it in 1786 (the year Johann immigrated to the Banat to homested), perhaps due to this debt.  Although research indicates that some Kraushaar’s remained in Deutmecke on the farm which was retained by Anna Maria Kraushaar-Steckbrock (another daughter of Anton Kraushaar), however it was reduced in size.


1786 August 23. Johannes Kraushaar in Deutmecke compared documents with minister Bertram in Schoenholthausen Volume 2 - 75 - over the Rinckeguetchen, from which the Pastor demands a delivery and had a complaint. Kraushaar gives up for the paying off of all requirements: a) Barn together with yard to the stream and the Henrichs garden. b) the Leinkamp, c) ¼ in the Mark, d) ¼ of the Junckholz with the gluing to loads. He signs then leaves the free court  broke and confirms. Judicial execution with signature and seal of the kurfuerstlichen judge Hoeynck. Attached: The Minister Toellmann leases everything with different plots ( see the following document of same day) that Mathias Poeggeler, may re-do the barn at his own expense and changes to the house and 10 ½ Tollar. The lease must pay and the profit money  of 1 Tollar (Dollar). The Minister of Desks notes that only 4.7 Tollar of the lease of the Pastor and 4 Tollar to the church were paid. 1786 August 23.  Johannes Kraushaar of Deutmecke professes himself of documents to the old debt of 100 Tollar, each with that volume 2  the Pastor and church and signs it on August 23 in 1786. Johannes Kraushaar of Deutmecke admits 100 tollar of the documents parish church and Pastorat. to volume owe 2, for which 3 Scheffel on the Fohenfuhr, in the same way on the Dufenschlade, 3 ½ Scheffels, in the Vossmecke with the meadow beside it, a truck hay stature largely, 6 Scheffels behind the Reitzebeil, 6 Scheffels am(?) Hageberg under the seed mountain, in the same way in the Brauteri-76 - schem mountain, 12 Scheffels. Oats country on the carrot stone together with Heidland and all loads retired. He then signs and lets the contract judicially confirm. Managing the original..


* Note: This debt may have stemmed from the extraordinary dowry of his Aunt Maria Catharina Kraushaar (sister of Maria Elizibeth and daughter of Anton Kraushaar) when she married Wilhelm Vigener in Attendorn November 13, 1753.   I am told this by the current owners of the Kraushaar farm, themselves Kraushaar descendants, who also told me the farm was then in debt for decades after the dowry and the court case went on for years and years until it was finally settled by Johann Kraushaar in 1786.


Kraushaars' in the area were:
Anton Kraushaar (see above) who married Anna Gertrud Willecke-Rhode from Fretter. His daughter Maria Elizibeth married Johann Jodokus Henrichs-Korte of Duetmecke in 1739. Their son Johan  married Anna Catherina Schmittgen of Elspe in 1768. In 1786 Johann and Anna lived on the farm when it was reduced in size and portions of it became the Rinke farm (see above).  Johan and Anna immigrated to Hungary (Hatzfeld,Banat) after they sold THEIR portion to the  *Kramer (Kremer) family of Schoenholthausen and reductions were made in the size of the farm due to a debt and court settlements. (They may have taken his father Johan Jodokus & family too).   Apparently Anna Maria Kraushaar-Steckebrock and her husband retained a portion of the reduced Kraushaar farm.  Although it's not explained in the text in 1875 an Anton Wichtman-(Kraushaar) donated (sold) a large portion of the farm to the Choir chapter in Attendorn for the sum of 398 Marks and 50 pennies.
*Note - Schoenholthausen records indicate a marriage about 1700between Johann Korte (b:1684 d:12 Jun 1723) & Clara Kramer (d:04 Feb 1748)

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This page is part of the Kraushaar Family History Project.  Please visit the homepage and click on Genealogy for a massive amount of information on the Kraushaar, Henrichs-Korte,Rinke, Wichtmann and other families from the Duetmecke-Schoenholthausen-Finnentrop area.  Some of our Kraushaar and Henrichs-Korte ancestors got the "Wanderlust" and immigrated to The Banat in Hungary in the late 1700's and later to America, Canada and other parts of the world.
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Peter Michael Kraushaar

This text is from a German publication: Amt Waldenburg-Pfarrei Schoenholthausen-Hoefe in Kirchspiel, von Willi Voss 1940.
Von Pfarrer Franz Rinschen und Bearbeitet von Robert J Sasse 2004/2005.
A very special thanks to Gary Lorentzen, German teacher at Columbia River High School in Vancouver, Washington for translating these lengthy documents for me.
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